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Different types of eczema

Eczema is a common condition that affects mostly children and the elderly. A lesser known fact is that there are different types of eczema that require different treatments.

According to National Eczema, the different types of eczema are called Atopic dermatitis, Contact dermatitis, Dyshidrotic eczema, nummular eczema, Seborrhoeic dermatitis and Stasis dermatitis.

Atopic dermatitis

This is eczema that makes your skin red and itchy and is mostly found in children. It is usually accompanied by hay fever and other allergies. Most sufferers also have asthma. The condition is chronic and is prone to flare up, which means that the symptoms subside and get aggravated at intervals.

There is currently no cure.

Contact dermatitis

According to the Mayo Clinic, contact dermatitis is a non-infectious red, itchy rash caused by direct contact with a substance or an allergic reaction to it, including soaps, cosmetics, fragrances, jewellery and plants.

The rash can be very uncomfortable.

Dyshidrotic eczema

Also known as dyshidrosis, Dyshidrotic eczema is a skin condition that causes itchy, pussy blisters on the feet and palms of the hands. Mostly the soles are affected.

Blisters are believed to be seasonal and can be aggravated by stress. They normally last for between two to four weeks. 

Nummular eczema

Discoid eczema, commonly known as nummular eczema, is a chronic condition that causes coin-shaped spots to develop on the skin, explains Healthline. Much like chicken pox, the lesions are filled with a clear fluid and when open, may crust over the wound. It isn’t contagious though, but without topical treatment, the wounds of the lesions are easily infected. They can be on any part of the body, but mostly can be found of the hands or torso.

Lesions are known to be itchy and can be singular or form clumps or patches.

Seborrhoeic dermatitis

Seborrhoeic dermatitis mainly affects the scalp. It is a common form of eczema, which is often mistaken for bad dandruff.  SD causes scaly patches and red skin atop the head and can impair hair growth.

Seborrhoeic dermatitis can also affect oily areas of the body, such as the face, sides of the nose, eyebrows, ears, eyelids and chest, Mayo Clinic reports.

Stasis dermatitis

Stasis dermatitis causes inflammation, ulcers and itchy skin on the lower legs and is a long-term condition that can be fatal.

According to Medical News Today, the condition often occurs in people who have underlying conditions that affect blood flow in the legs, such as chronic venous insufficiency, varicose veins, deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and congestive heart failure.

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